Thanks for the excellent reviews of the first two episodes. I already had so many thoughts and now I have even more! But I just wanted to pick up a minor point from the first episode review about Worf. He's genetically Klingon but raised by humans, so in what sense is he a Klingon culturally? This is a really interesting contrast with Burnham, who's a human raised by Vulcans, and tries to be culturally Vulcan despite being a human. Worf has gone the other way. He's been raised by humans, but that has made him a 'hyper-Klingon' (for lack of a better term). He tries super hard to prove how much of a Klingon he is; he fully buys into the whole 'honour, glory, combat, death in battle' thing.
But as we learn from TNG and even more so from DS9, that's a massive over-simplification of Klingon culture. They're actually astute politicians and just as inclined towards plotting and backstabbing as the Romulans are (though of course you get ostracized if you get caught engaging in such behaviour, so they do have cultural taboos about it). There are even Klingon lawyers and chefs, because of course there are, society needs such people. There just wouldn't be any room for them in Worf's version of Klingon culture, which is all about being honorable warriors.
As we learn from the Klingon storylines in TNG and DS9, though, Worf's understanding of Klingon culture is way out of touch with what Klingon culture is actually like. I always read that as being because Worf learned about Klingon culture from books, not from growing up as a Klingon. He was an outsider on Earth and didn't feel like he fitted in. He wanted to know more about 'his people', so he read about them and found out about honour etc. And then every time he meets a real Klingon he's disappointed that they don't fit his stereotype of what a Klingon (warrior) should be.
So I suppose in one sense he is a Klingon, in that represents an idealized version of Klingon culture that only exists in Klingon operas and in Worf's imagination. But ultimately it turns out he's a human who's desperate to be a Klingon because he thinks that's what he's supposed to be.
I'd love to know how this fits in with the comparison to Samurai culture and ideal vs reality there, because it's not something I know much about.